عنوان مقاله [English]
Diary writing is a literary form of writing in which the author renarrates his/her memories i.e. those scenes or events that unfolded in his life, in which he either had a role or was an observer. With the emergence of Iran-Iraq war, many of Iranian soldiers began to write their own diaries. Those 23 ones is a diary written by Ahmad Yusefzadeh, a captive of Iran-Iraw war. In this book, the author writes his memoirs when he and his companions were captured. This article explores the extent to which the memoirs of this book are consistent with the elements of the story, explaining the common aspects of story and diary writing. The author has come to the conclusion after comparing the memoirs of this book with the elements of the story: The content of this book is about the problems and tortures that are happening to prisoners of war. The viewpoint is single first person, expressed in the author's language. The core of the book is the story of how the twenty-three men were captured and what happened to them. The characters are quite real and are not imaginary. Given that the book expresses memories, the tone of the book is serious.