عنوان مقاله [English]
Description is the literary essence of memoir. Among various types of description, personality description is an essential element in memoir writing. The memoirist starts characterization while, due to the realist aspect of memoir, he is deprived of a range of imaginative dimensions and ambiguity in storytelling compared to the character description in other works of art and literature.
The book Water Never Dies is the story of Hamid Hesam about the presence of Sardar Mirza Mohammad Solgi in the front, who won the first place in the eighth Jalal Al-Ahmad Award. In 2016, due to the accuracy of the descriptive discussions, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution wrote a epigram on it.
The present study intends to investigate the functions of character description in the book Water Never Dies, using in a descriptive-analytical manner. The results show that in expressing personality traits, much attention has been paid to expressing the moral-intrinsic characteristics of warriors.
74 cases (23.87%) of functions belong to emotional function, 62 cases of which are related to negative emotions and 12 cases belong to positive emotions. The author has used positive attributes about the spiritual moments and moral characteristics of Iranian warriors, but negative attributes are more about the situations of the imposed war and the injustices of the enemy and the unequal situation of war. Referring to the negative traits of the Iranian forces, the accuracy and correct and meaningful choice of descriptive words indicate a conscious pathology.